Dermatitis Details


Understand The - Symptoms, Causes, Tests & Treatment

Dermatitis is a general term that describes an inflammation of the skin. Dermatitis can have many causes and occurs in many forms. It usually involves an itchy rash on swollen, reddened skin.

Skin affected by dermatitis may blister, ooze, develop a crust or flake off. Examples of dermatitis include atopic dermatitis (eczema), dandruff and rashes caused by contact with any of a number of substances, such as poison ivy, soaps and jewelry with nickel in it.

In general, the symptoms of dermatitis may include:

  • Rashes
  • Blisters
  • Dry, cracked skin
  • Itchy skin
  • Painful skin, with stinging or burning
  • Redness
  • Swelling

The symptoms of dermatitis range from mild to severe and will look different depending on what part of the body is affected. Not all people with dermatitis experience all symptoms.

Different Types Of Dermatitis

Usually beginning in infancy, this red, itchy rash most commonly occurs where the skin flexes — inside the elbows, behind the knees and the front of the neck. When scratched, the rash can leak fluid and crust over. People with atopic dermatitis may experience improvement and then flare-ups.The exact cause of this skin disorder is unknown but is often seen in those with a personal or strong family history of asthma or allergic rhinitis (hay fever).

Common Signs & Symptoms Of Atopic Dermatitis (Eczema) Include:

Itching, which may be severe, and raw skin from scratching

Small, raised bumps, which may leak fluid and crust over when scratched

Red, leathery, cracked or scaly patches on the skin

Related Factors: including dry skin, a gene variation, an immune system dysfunction, bacteria on the skin and environmental conditions.

Diagnosing Dermatitis

Your doctor will perform a physical exam and discuss your medical history before making a diagnosis. In some cases, a dermatologist can diagnose the type of dermatitis just by looking at the skin.

Skin Patch Test

If there’s reason to suspect you might have an allergic reaction to something, your doctor might do a skin patch test. You can also ask for one yourself. In a skin patch test, your doctor will put small amounts of different substances on your skin. After a few days, they’ll check for reactions and determine what you may or may not be allergic to.

Skin Biopsy

In some cases, your dermatologist may perform a skin biopsy to help determine the cause. A skin biopsy involves your doctor removing a small sample of the skin which is then looked at under a microscope. They can perform other tests on the sample to help determine the cause of your eczema.

Treatments Options For Dermatitis

The first steps in treating dermatitis is to identify the type of dermatitis you have and eliminate the cause, if possible.

Treatments for dermatitis depend on the type, severity of symptoms, and the cause. Your skin may clear up on its own after one to three weeks. If it doesn’t, your doctor or dermatologist may recommend:

  • Medications to reduce allergies and itching, such as the antihistamine diphenhydramine
  • Phototherapy, or exposing affected areas to controlled amounts of light
  • Topical creams with a steroid like hydrocortisone to relieve itchiness and inflammation
  • Creams or lotions for dry skin
  • Oatmeal baths to relieve itching

Antibiotics or antifungal medications are usually given only if an infection has developed. Infections can occur when the skin is broken due to intense scratching.

Home care for dermatitis may include applying cool, wet cloths to the skin to reduce itching and discomfort. You can try adding baking soda to a cool bath to help reduce symptoms. If your skin is broken, you can cover the wound with a dressing or bandage to prevent irritation or infection.

Dermatitis can sometimes flare up when you’re stressed. You may want to look into alternative therapies like acupuncture, massage, and yoga to reduce stress.

Taking dietary supplements, such as vitamin D and probiotics, may help you manage the symptoms of eczema according to research

How Is Dermatitis Prevented ?

Awareness is the first step in avoiding dermatitis. You’ll want to avoid contact with allergens or substances that cause rashes, such as poison ivy. But if you have eczema, which isn’t always preventable, your best option is to prevent a flare-up of symptoms. You’ll want to avoid scratching the affected area. Scratching can open or reopen wounds and spread the bacteria to another part of your body.

Another way to prevent excess dry skin is by taking shorter baths, using mild soaps, and using warm instead of hot water. Most people also find relief by moisturizing frequently.

Diet Recommendations For People With Dermatitis

Food can’t cure or even treat dermatitis, but eating better might reduce your symptoms. These five lifestyle changes may help ease symptoms of dermatitis and reduce flare-ups:

Lose weight

If you’re overweight, losing weight may reduce the condition’s severity. It may also make treatments more effective. It’s unclear how weight interacts with dermatitis, so even if your symptoms remain unchanged, losing weight is still good for your overall health.

Eat a heart-healthy diet

Reduce your intake of saturated fats. These are found in animal products like meats and dairy. Increase your intake of lean proteins that contain omega-3 fatty acids, such as salmon, sardines, and shrimp. Plant sources of omega-3s include walnuts, flax seeds, and soybeans.

Consider taking vitamins

Some doctors prefer a vitamin-rich diet to vitamins in pill form. However, even the healthiest eater may need help getting adequate nutrients. Ask your doctor if you should be taking any vitamins as a supplement to your diet & try to getting adequate nutrients

Avoid trigger foods

Dermatitis causes inflammation. Certain foods cause inflammation, too. Avoiding those foods might improve symptoms. These foods include:red meat, refined sugar, processed foods, dairy products etc.

Drink less alcohol

Alcohol consumption can increase your risks of a flare-up. Cut back or quit entirely. If you have a problem with your alcohol use, your doctor can help you form a treatment plan.

Foods that may reduce inflammation include:

fatty fish, such as salmon and tuna, seeds, such as flax seeds and pumpkin seeds, nuts, especially walnuts and almonds, green leafy vegetables, such as spinach and kale. So these food are must be a healthy side

Dermatitis Triggers to Avoid

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